The American Pictorial Home Book
or Housekeeper's Encyclopedia - online book

A reference manual of household management in Victorian times.

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THE FARM.                                     45T
To free Barns and Out-houses from Mites and Weevils,—-—Let the walls and rafters, above and below, of the gran­aries be completely covered with quick lime slacked in water, in which trefoil, worm wood and hyssop or nux vomica have been boiled. This composition should be applied as hot as possible. A farmer who had his granaries empty in June last collected quanti­ties of the largest sized ants in sacks and scattered them about the place infected with weevils. The ants at once fell upon and devoured them all.
To destroy the Weevil in Grain.—Soak linen cloths in water wring them out and cover your grain with them; in 2 hour's time you will find all the weevils upon the cloth, which must be carefully gath­ered off, that none of the insects may escape, and then immerse in hot water to destroy them.
To Purify Tallow on a Grange.—The fresh tallow is melted in boiling water, and when completely dissolved, and consequently hot, is passed through a linen filter, then rendered solid by cool­ing and washing with water, and lastly separated from it carefully by pressure. It may be melted at a moderate heat and preserved in earthen vessels covered with a bladder, paper or good closing lid. If the linen filter is not thick enough to keep the other in­gredients from passing through besides the liquid tallow and wa­ter, it is better to repeat the filtration. Tallow thus obtained may be used for ordinary food; for pomades, by the addition of pure olive oil; for salves and plasters, by the addition of white wax, and may be kept well preserved for a time as free from smell as when prepared. By following the above directions the tallow will keep a long time without becoming rancid.
To make Hard Tallow Candles.—Dissolve 2 pounds of alum in hot water, render it in 10 pounds of tallow, and it will make can­dles to burn equal to spermacetti.                                  *
To Blow out a Candle.—Hold the candle above you when you blow it out, and the wick will not smolder down, and can be easily lighted again.
How to Train Shepherd D$gs.—In southern California, where shepherds attend their flocks day and night, they commence train­ing their dogs in the following manner. When a lamb is born, it is taken from the mother sheep before she has seen it, and a pup put in its place. The sheep suckles the puppy and learns to love it; when the puppy grows old enough to eat meat, it is fed in the morning and sent out with its mother. At length, im­patient to return where it hopes to get another piece of meat, it be­gins to tease and worry its mother and finally starts her towards home; the other sheep follow, and thus the whole flock is brought