The American Pictorial Home Book
or Housekeeper's Encyclopedia - online book

A reference manual of household management in Victorian times.

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THE FARM.
453
Catching Bugs.—Suggested by a French herbaculturist—After sunset place in the center of the orchard an old barrel, the inside of which has previously been well tarred; at the bottom of the barrel place alighted lamp. Insects of many kinds, attracted by the light, make for the lamp, and while circling around it, strike against the sides of the barrel, when, meeting with the tar, their wings and legs become so clogged that they fall helpless to the bottom. In the morning examine the barrel, and you may often take out 10 or 12 gallons of cock-chafers, which can be destroyed at once by pouring in boiling water. A few cents worth of tar employed in this way will, without any further trouble, be the means of destroying innumerable swarms of these insects, whose larvae are the most destructive pests the gardener or farmer has to contend against.
Musk Melons.—As soon as the runners show the fruit blossom­ing buds, pinch them out; this will cause an increased production of the lateral shoots and add to the size of the shoots. In gardens, thinning the fruit and placing bits of slate or blackened shingles un­der each fruit, improves its size and flavor. Cucumbers, melons, water melons, pumpkins or squash should not grow together on ac­count of the mixture of the pollen.
COWS.
Importance of Clean Water for Cows.—Impure water not only taints the blood, but the milk also, and fever, nay, even fatal epidemics may originate from the drinking of foul water by the cows. Investigations go to prove that not only the cow, but persons, may be poisoned in this way, and no stock should be allowed to drink from a foul, stagnant pool, and it is just as important for the milk producing cows to have sound food and pure water as human beings.
Cattle Choked.—To Relieve.—Make the animal jump over as high a fence or gate as you can. and when she reaches the ground on the opposite side the obstruction will be ejected.
Measures ro Prevent the Extension of Disease Among Cat­tle.—Among the most prominent measures, is the removal and de­struction by burning or burying all matters capahL of reproducing the disease, hence, all articles which have been in contact with dis­eased animals, or any of its discharges, must be regarded as infec­tives ; animals diseased should at once be removed or better be killed and deeply buried. In order to maintain or restore the health of cattle, these should be furnished abundance of pure air, dry, clean, well ventilated sheds, and plenty of pure water, clean and dry meadows or pasture, frequent currying and washing of the skin,