The American Pictorial Home Book
or Housekeeper's Encyclopedia - online book

A reference manual of household management in Victorian times.

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THE FARM.                                     455
salt with two teaspoonfuls of salaratus mixed in it. The salt dis­solves the 'green food, and the salaratus dispels the wind. Oat cakes and salt are good.
Ointment for Vermin on Cattle.—1 oz. red percipite, 1 oz. of roll or flowers of sulphur, 4 oz. of lard to each animal. Mix well.
Brimstone for Ticks.—A piece of brimstone as large as a grain of corn, well pulverized, given in a little salt, will cause the ticks to drop off and prevent others from getting on for eight or ten days. In summer it is considered as necessary for a cow as salt.
Gorget in Milch Cows.—1. Cut up the roots of u sooke " or "pigeon berry," and give two tablespoonfuls in bran or meal twice a day for two or three days; then omit the root for the same length of time. Repeat until cured.
2.    Give 1 oz. of pulverized saltpetre in a bran mush once a day for 2 or 3 days. Repeat as in No. I.
3.    Give seven drops of tinctnre of aconite, dropped on a piece of bread, and fed in a bran mush for 2 or 3 days. Repeat as in No. 1.
4.    Give in same manner as in No. 3,1-2 teaspoonful of tincture of aconite root. This is not the same as the " tincture aconite " in No. 3.
To Choose a Good Cow.—Her head should be small and short, dished in the face and sunk between the eyes, soft and loose skin, like that on a dog ; deep from the loin to the udder and a very slim tail. A cow with these marks never fails to be a good[milker. Avoid the Roman nose; this indicates thin milk, and but little of it.
Choosing Cows.—A smooth, plump udder and slight, round teat will generally be found to give more and better milk than a large, hanging udder. The edging place of a cow should be clean, dry and warm. The floor should slope a little, the trough kept clean and free from sour grains, vegetables, &c. She should be regularly fed at sunrise and sunset, and once or twice a day besides, her best food good, fresh grass, upon which she should be allowed to graze, or be brought to her ; should be allowed to exercise in the open air.
The grass will go farther, her diet occasionally varied with cab­bages.
Dry earth a bedding for cattle to the depth of 3 inches and the litter laid on it. It will not have to be renewed in along time, while of it a valuable manure will be formed.
Food for Milch Cows.—When grass is neither abundant nor nutricious, give the cows all they will eat, night and morning, of a mixture of 1 quart of corn meal to a bushel of chopped oat straw or clover hay. If they do not eat more than 1-2 a bushel each of the mixture at a meal, you can double the portion of meal to ad-