THE FARM. 455
salt with two teaspoonfuls of salaratus mixed in it. The salt dissolves the 'green food, and the salaratus dispels the wind. Oat cakes and salt are good.
Ointment for Vermin on Cattle.—1 oz. red percipite, 1 oz. of roll or flowers of sulphur, 4 oz. of lard to each animal. Mix well.
Brimstone for Ticks.—A piece of brimstone as large as a grain of corn, well pulverized, given in a little salt, will cause the ticks to drop off and prevent others from getting on for eight or ten days. In summer it is considered as necessary for a cow as salt.
Gorget in Milch Cows.—1. Cut up the roots of u sooke " or "pigeon berry," and give two tablespoonfuls in bran or meal twice a day for two or three days; then omit the root for the same length of time. Repeat until cured.
2. Give 1 oz. of pulverized saltpetre in a bran mush once a day for 2 or 3 days. Repeat as in No. I.
3. Give seven drops of tinctnre of aconite, dropped on a piece of bread, and fed in a bran mush for 2 or 3 days. Repeat as in No. 1.
4. Give in same manner as in No. 3,1-2 teaspoonful of tincture of aconite root. This is not the same as the " tincture aconite " in No. 3.
To Choose a Good Cow.—Her head should be small and short, dished in the face and sunk between the eyes, soft and loose skin, like that on a dog ; deep from the loin to the udder and a very slim tail. A cow with these marks never fails to be a good[milker. Avoid the Roman nose; this indicates thin milk, and but little of it.
Choosing Cows.—A smooth, plump udder and slight, round teat will generally be found to give more and better milk than a large, hanging udder. The edging place of a cow should be clean, dry and warm. The floor should slope a little, the trough kept clean and free from sour grains, vegetables, &c. She should be regularly fed at sunrise and sunset, and once or twice a day besides, her best food good, fresh grass, upon which she should be allowed to graze, or be brought to her ; should be allowed to exercise in the open air.
The grass will go farther, her diet occasionally varied with cabbages.
Dry earth a bedding for cattle to the depth of 3 inches and the litter laid on it. It will not have to be renewed in along time, while of it a valuable manure will be formed.
Food for Milch Cows.—When grass is neither abundant nor nutricious, give the cows all they will eat, night and morning, of a mixture of 1 quart of corn meal to a bushel of chopped oat straw or clover hay. If they do not eat more than 1-2 a bushel each of the mixture at a meal, you can double the portion of meal to ad-