The American Pictorial Home Book
or Housekeeper's Encyclopedia - online book

A reference manual of household management in Victorian times.

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the horse twice a day, morning and evening. It is good for dis­temper; in fact, it is good for any kind of cough ahorse may h5ve. The tar oil can be had at any drug store. It costs but a trifle.
Wash for Saddle Sores on Horses' Backs and other Foul Sores.—Calomel i drachm and 1-2 pint of water.
Grubs in Horses.—R. M.—Make a strong sage tea, drench the horse until a change is effected ; or beat the leaves and give them at once in some bran or meal: a cup is a dose, or once or twice a week.
Worms.—First give the horse as a vermifuge 1-1 oz. of freshly powdered betel nut put in his food 2 or 3 times a week. 2nd, the best plan is to stimulate the horn forming tissues to increased ac­tion, which can be accomplished by blistering around the pastern and coronet. After the effects of blisters have subsided apply daily to the hoof by means of a stiff brush an ointment composed of tar, soft soap and tallow, equal parts, melted together and stirred till cold. The above is a remedy for worms and for one foot that contracts as much as the other grows.
Astringent Powders for Looseness.—Alum, 1-2 oz.; catechu, 1 ounce; opium, 1-4 ounce; chalk, 4 ounces; ginger, 2 ounces. Usual dose is 1 to 2 tablespoonfuls per day. If preferred, they can be made into balls with molasses.
Lotion for Tender-mouthed Horses.—Powdered borax or alum, 1 ounce; honey, 4 ounces; infusion of roses, 1 pound. It should be used with a syringe.
Horse Cordial.—One pint compound tincture of benzoin, com­pound spirits of ammonia and sweet spirits of nitre, of each 6 or 8 ounces. Mix and put in closely corked bottles.
Grub or Foot-Rot in Sheep.—Run the sheep, every other day, through dry, fresh slacked lime until a cure is effected. It is a never-failing cure.
To protect Sheep from the Gad Fly.—Which deposits in the months of August and September the egg in the nostrils of the sheep when they are hatched, and the worms crawl into the head of the sheep, and very frequently eat through the brain, and in this way destroy many sheep. As a protection, smear their noses with tar. Lay some tar in the trough or on a board, and strew fine salt on it. The sheep will finish the operation. The tar will pro­tect them, and what they eat will promote their health. A strong decoction or juice of elder leaves squirted up their noses is a