The American Pictorial Home Book
or Housekeeper's Encyclopedia - online book

A reference manual of household management in Victorian times.

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valuable remedy, and to drive any kind of fly worms, and resists putrifaction.
The Gad Flv.—These, in the summer months, abound in woody places and attack the sheep while browsing. The moment the fly touches the nostrils they deposit the egg, which soon hatches, and the maggots crawl up the nostrils and enter the frontal and maxil­lary sinuses, and also the cavities of the bone which supports the horns of the sheep. These cavities are all of considerable extent and magnitude, and the thin flexible bones which constitute them are covered with a dense white membrane, upon the mucus secre­tions of which the larvae is supposed to feed.
How to tell the Ages of Sheep.—The first year their teeth are small, the second year the 2 middle ones fall out, and their place is supplied by 2 larger new teeth; the third year there are 4 larger teeth in the middle, 10 pointed ones on each side; the fourth year 2 smaller teeth alone remain, one at each end of the range ; the fifth year the whole front teeth are larger; the 6th year the whole teeth begin to be worn; the seventh year the teeth begin to fall out and get broken.
How to Preserve Pigs in Good Health and in Good Appetites during the Period of their Fattening.—Mix with the food a few gall-nuts bruised with charcoal.
Brimstone for Cattle.—It is as necessary for them as salt.
Food for Hogs.—Mix with their food the wood charcoal. It adds greatly to their healthfulness.
Artichokes as a food.—Are excellent for hogs, sheep and cattle.
To prevent hogs from biting each other.—Give them coal or burnt bones to eat.
Blind Staggers in Pigs.—Withhold food from them for several days, give them charcoal and sulphur in small quantities. This disease arises from being fed too high.
Sows Eating Pigs.—A veterinarian in the Prairie Farmer ad­vises a correspondent, to watch the hog the first few days after the pigs are born, if she evinces a desire to eat her pigs, give her an emetic compound of tartar emetic, 3 grains; powdered ipecac and powdered white hellebore of each 8 grains; mix and throw the dose into the mouth of the hog.
Dry Cholera among Hogs.—The best remedy is green corn, when that is not to be had, use from one to two tablespoonfuls of castor-oil mixed with scalded meal. Give a good feed but not too much. Pour the oil down and make a tempting slop of the meal and sweet milk.