The American Pictorial Home Book
or Housekeeper's Encyclopedia - online book

A reference manual of household management in Victorian times.

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TREKS AND SHRUBS.                               483
Budding the "Rose.—This can be performed at any time when both stock and bud are in proper condition. The bark of the stock must peel freely from its woody foundation in order that the bud may be successfully inserted. It is not necessary that the bark of the bud should peel, but a thin slice of the wood can remain at­tached to the bud and be successfully introduced and propogated; but the best condition with an experienced operator, is when the bark is separated from the wood, all except a very small portion pro­jecting up into the rose bud; this allowed to remain, and the bark and btid inserted in the usual way. Usually the budding of the rose is performed to the best advantage from April till July inclusive, but if the shrub is growing freely, the bark is usually in a condition to peel and then budding ean be performed with very certain success.
Rose Buds to Preserve.—A German way.—To keep fresh during the winter, first cover the recently cut stem with wax, and then placing each one in closed paper cap or cover, so that the leaves do not touch the paper. The cap is then coated with glue, to exclude the air, dust, and moisture, and when dry,i t is stood up in a cool place. When wanted for use, the bud is'taken out of the cup and placed in water, after cutting the ends, when the rose will bloom in a few hours.
The Rose.—The rose is emblematical of everything beautiful, pure and delightful—poetic image of purity and innocence. Among the ancients, the emblem of joy, and love, and prudence. It requires two hundred roses to make 1 oz. of the attar. Leaves of the Tea Rose are valuable in flavoring tea. Tea is raised in Brazil from the seed, which is preserved in brown sugar. Can be transported to any part of the country. It is planted in beds, then like the cabbage plants, transplanted to the fields. Set about five feet apart. Kept clean by the hoe and plough. Pruned to about four feet high. Bears in three years.
Trees, their Use in Protecting Animals from the Heat.— Shade trees should be in every pasture, near every barn and by every watering place, under which animals may screen themselves from the heat of a summer's sun. The milk will be better as well as the flesh and fleece of the animals.
Fruit Trees.—P>oil one tablespoonful of borax in a pint of water. Paint the stems of the fruit trees with the liquid. This will destroy the green fungi, and prevent insect life from forming in the bark, and make the tree healthy.
Wood Ashes.—For fruit trees.—Sprinkle some on the tops and limbs when moist with dew, then cover the ground with ashes at the roots. It forms an excellent manure.