The American Pictorial Home Book
or Housekeeper's Encyclopedia - online book

A reference manual of household management in Victorian times.

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GARDENING*                                       495
I inch deep. The plants should be thinned out as they grow, leav­ing 1-2 toot between each plant.
Brocoli.—Early purple, cape, early purple, white cape or cauli­flower, early white. Used and cultivated as the cauliflower, which it resembles in habit and growth, only the heads are not so firm.
Brussel or Cabbage Sprouts.—Cultivate as the cabbage, to which family it belongs, producing numerous small heads on the stem ; the top one, cabbage like, in cold climates becomes tender when touch­ed by the frost. Borecole, green curled dwarf, or german green.
Cabbage.—Early York, early large York, early Dutch, fine ; early Battesea, early Winningstadt, fine, very hard; early sugarloaf, early green globe Savoy, early ox-heart, very fine; large ox-head, true French; large late bergen, early savoy,extra fine late drum-head savoy, fine American, premium flat Dutch, largest Schweinfurt, Dwarf or large red Dutch for pickling, late Brunswick, quintal or hundred pounds, marblehead, cavalier, for stock. The drills in which cabbage is sown, should be 4 inches apart. When the plants are 6 or 7 inches high, the early kinds should be trans­planted in rows 2 feet apart, and the plants 1 1-2 feet from each oth­er. Late kinds had better be planted in rows 3 feet apart, and the plants 2 feet from each other. The ground should be deeply dug after being lightly manured, and the plants hoed often.
Carrot.—Long purple, long orange, long streaked, long red, half long scarlet point, half long red, large white Belgium, early horn, large Altringhain. Sow 3-4 of an inch deep in rows 1 1-2 inch deep, till deeply in a rich sandy soil. Thin the plants according to the desired size of the carrot.
Large California Wolcheren.— Large late London, large Asiatic, real; Lenormond, straight stems, fine large heads. Cultivate in the same manner as cabbage.
Celery.— Celery seed for flavoring soup,'red solid, celeriac or turnip rooted, giant, white solid American. Sow like cabbage. When the plants are 4, 6 or 8 inches high, then make ready trenches 1 foot deep and 4 feet apart, as for asparagus, half fill the trenches with rich compost, then set the plants 6 inches apart. To bleach their stems, as the plants grow, draw up the soil around them.
Corn for Garden Culture.—Large eight rowed sugar, early King Philip, StowelPs evergreen sugar, large sweet or sugar, Dor-ling's extra early sugar, early dwarf sugar, pop-corn. Plant 4 or 5 in a hill 4 feet apart each way, thin to one or two stalks in a hill; hoe often.
Corn Salad.—Sow in drills 1 inch deep and 6 inches apart.
Asparagus Bean or Dalochos.—These beans grow a yard long, and may be planted in drills stuck with poles for them to grow up-ob, as pole beans, and cultivated like them, A good vegetable.