The American Pictorial Home Book
or Housekeeper's Encyclopedia - online book

A reference manual of household management in Victorian times.

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RATS AND MICE.                                   5OI
uncover the vessel and gently remove the crust of wax on the top, and pour the honey into large jars or carboys; leave this open, and in a few days all the sediment will be thrown from the top, which remove, and cork and seal closely.
Bees and Soils.—Flowers that grow on rich soils are much more visited than those that grow on poor soils, such as buckwheat clo­ver, fruit trees, berry bushes, vines, rosemary, broom, bean flowers, mignonnette, lemon, thyme, &c, &c. As bees seldom fly more than a mile for food, it is best to grow what they love most around or near them.
To Preserve Bees from Worms,—About the first of May raise the hive up and strew some fine salt under the edge.
To Chloroform Bees.- -The quantity of chloroform required for an ordinary hive is the sixth part of an ounce. A very large hive may take nearly a quarter of an ounce. Set down a table opposite to and about four feet distant from the hive: on the table spread a thick linen cloth ; in the center of table place a shallow breakfast plate, which cover with a piece of wire gauze to prevent the bees from coming in immediate contact with the chloroform ; now quickly and cautiously lift the hive from the board on which it is standing, set it down on the top of the table, keeping the plate in the center; cover the hive closely up with cloths, and in 20 minutes or so the bees are not only sound asleep, but not one is left among the combs ; the whole of them are lying helpless on the table. You may now remove what honey you think fit ; replace the hive in its old stand, and the bees, as they revive; will return to their domicile. A bright, calm sunny day is the best; and you should commence your opera­tions early in the morning, before any of them are abroad.
Bees and Sugar.—Bees confined to a dish of purified sugar will continue to produce wax.
Large Podded Milk or Silk Weed and Bees.—This weed is said to be certain death to every bee that lights on it. They pull off their feet in trying to get off from it. Kill the weed is the only remedy.
To Drive Away Rats.—Saturate cotton wool with powdered red pepper and stuff it in their holes.
Destroying Rats.—Corks cut in thin slices and stewed or roasted in grease and placed in their tracks, or dried sponge, in small pieces, fried or dipped in honey, with a little of the oil of rhodium laid in their haunts, will stick to their feet and cause them to leav,e ; or rub well a live rat with fat or train oil, and let him escape in ^his hole, and all others will make their exit.