The American Pictorial Home Book
or Housekeeper's Encyclopedia - online book

A reference manual of household management in Victorian times.

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of garlic and some sweet butter, then form them into little balls and give them to the geese while fasting, nor should they take food 3 or 4 hours after.
Fractured Bones.—Poultry World.—There is no mystery about the treatment of a broken bone; it will heal any way, the time vary­ing according to the age and quiet of the fowl, and the deformity upon the degree of displacement of the fracture. In keeping the ends of a broken bone together, the breeder will have an oportunity to draw on his mechanical skill, but will find that his restless patient will generally leave his limbs deformed. The best results come from broken shanks.
Brown paper saturated with white of egg and suffered to harden makes a good enough splint; pasteboard wet and molded to the shape of the limb is good. In cases of broken wings tie the feathers together about an inch fcpm the end. Fowls with limbs deformed from fracture, breed well enough.
For Fowl Ailments.—Give in the form of pills a few drops of crude kerosine oil or spirits of camphor mixed with corn meal or bread crumbs, and put down the throat of the fowl. No diseased fowl should be allowed to go with the well ones, but placed in a dry coop, and give it cooked food warmly sDiced with red pepper or spirits of camphor.
Broken Eggs.—While setting can be made secure by placing a piece of court-plaster over the broken shell.
Chicken Lice.—Give a heaped teaspoonful of powdered sulphur mixed in meal for every 10 hens once a week.
The Diseases of Fowls and how to Care for Them.—The dis­eases to which they are most subject are roop, pip, scouring and chip. The first arises from cold, and is the most common of all, and the eyes become swollen, the nostrils run and the wattle turn of a purp-' lish hue. Chickens or fowls, if affected, should be separated imme­diately from the healthy fowl, for the disease at its height is as infec­tious as the epizootic or glanders among horses. Bathe the nose and eyes of the sick fowl with milk and warm water and each day give it a pepper corn in its dough. Bathe the head in brandy and water, if much swollen, and while getting well put a spoonful of sul­phur in his drinking water. The eggs laid by hens that are diseased should be thrown away ; they are unwholesome confined for awhile. Poultry should never be underfed, but have a liberal supply of good solid food, and those intended for killing and for laying early should always be kept in a good condition. Oat meal or barley meal with mashed potatoes are good. Old boms for them to pick, and the lights and livers of beef are good for them.