The American Pictorial Home Book
or Housekeeper's Encyclopedia - online book

A reference manual of household management in Victorian times.

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The hair.
For Cleansing the Scalp, or Shampooing,—Dissolve one tea-spoonful of borax in a tea cup full of hot water. Apply the liquid to the scalp and rub hard until a good lather is produced, then rinse with cold water until the hair feeis natural; wipe the hair dry be­fore combing. Avoid using ammonia and other dangerous irritants. Before bathing in the morning, put one teasponful this water into your basin ; it will cure blotches of the face, removing prickly heat and freckles caused by summer heat.
Wash to Cleanse the Hair of Grown-Up Persons.—One ta-blespoonful of liquid ammonia, i pint of water; pour a small por­tion on the hair at a time and rub it in, then wash it in clear, warm water and mild soap; wipe until dry. Bottle it and apply when needed.
In preparing pomades it is always best to make the lard directly from the green leaf; it is best in winter; try it in a porcelain or preserving kettle over a steady and slow fire, taking care that it does not burn; when melted, add to i pound of lard a pinch of finely powdered alum, a good teaspoonful of salt, i gill of water; bring the whole to a boiling point, keep up the heat 5 or 10 minutes, stir­ring with a wooden spoon all the time; if any scum forms, remove it, then allow the lard to get cold; at the bottom some impurities, with the alum and salt, will be found, which can be removed; the lard must be put back with a small portion of water and one small teaspoonful of salt, when the lard is melted; after stirring it a few minutes, it can be set aside to cool; care should be taken to expel all the moisture, for if any be left it in the lard it will soon turn ran­cid ; no perfume should be added until the lard is nearly cold, oth­erwise they are changed by the heat, and others entirely dissipated. When poured into bottles, it is best for it to be as cool as it can well be; if hot. a vacuum is formed in the center on account of the con­traction which takes place on cooling. The jars or bottles should be moderately warm. Add a drop or two on the top of the lard of the desired perfume.
To Make Pomade for the Hair.—One-quarter pound of lard, 1-2 pint of castor oil; scent. Let the lard be unsalted; beat it up well, then add the castor oil and mix thoroughly with a knife, adding a few drops of any scent that may be preferred. Put the pomatum into pots, which keep well covered, to preserve it from turning rancid.
Pomade a la Jonquille.—Inodorous lard, 1 pound; vanilla, 1-2 pound; musk, 1-2 pound; oil bergamot, 1 ounce; attar of roses, 10 drops; oil neroli, 1 drachm.