British Popular Customs Present And Past - online book

A calendar of the traditional customs, practices & rituals of the British Isles.

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PAIGNTON FAIR.
[June.
At Flodden field our fathers fought it,
And honour gained, though dear they bought it;
By Teviot side they took this colour,
A dear memorial of their valour.
Though twice of old our town was burned, Yet twice the foemen back we turned, And ever should our rights be trod on, We'll face the foe to Tirioden.*
Up wi' Hawick, its rights and common! Up wi' a* the border bowmen! Tiribus and Tirioden, We are up to guard the common,'*
The ancient feudal system of" the Riding of the Marches" by the burgesses still exists also at Inveresk, once within the fifty years. They appear mounted on horseback, and armed with swords. The seven incorporated trades, each headed by its captain, follow in the train of the magistrates and town-council, the whole cavalcade being preceded by the town officers, with their ancient Brabant spears, and a champion armed cap-a-pie. A gratuity is also allowed to a minstrel, who attends at the succeeding feast, and recites in verse the glories of the pageantry."!*Stat. Ace. of Scotland, 1845, vol. i. p. 268.
Junk.]                       PAIGNTON FAIR.
Devonshire.
A correspondent of N. & Q. (1st S. vol. viii. p. 66) quotes from an old newspaper (June 7th, 1809) the following
* The slogan or war-cry of the burgh was " Tiribus and Tirioden," a phrase probably derived from the Saxons or Danes. The first word may be understood as making tolerably good Anglo-Saxon. Tyr hoebbe ub ; May Tyr have us in his keeping. Whilst the other conjoins the names of Tyr and Odin, whose united aid is supposed to be invoked.
Mr. Wilson, author of Annals and Old Memories of Hawick, thin) that the meaning of the phrase, in our sense, is, "Gods of thun and war, protect us;" in another sense, " To battle, sons of the gods.
t Until about the year 1830, on the annual payment of their rent the agent of the Duke of Buccleuch, an entertainment was given b the magistrates, under the title of " the Hen Feast." It derived thi title from the consideration that " the kain fowls " due by the less of the burgh mills were served up on this occasion.Ibid., p. 269.
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