British Popular Customs Present And Past - online book

A calendar of the traditional customs, practices & rituals of the British Isles.

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OCT. 30.]                 CHETWODE " KHYNE TOLL."                            391
paramount manor of a liberty or district, embracing several other manors and villages, which are required to do suit and service at the Court-Leet held at Chetwode every three years. The lord of Chetwode manor has also the right to levy a yearly tax, called the " Khyne Toll," on all cattle found within this liberty, between the 30th of October and the 7th of November, both days inclusive. The commencement of the toll, which is proclaimed with much ceremony, is thus described in an old document of Queen Elizabeth's reign : " In the beginning of the said drift of the common, or rhyne, first at their going forth, they shall blow a welke-shell, or home, immediately after the sun rising at the Mansion-House of the manor of Chetwode, and then, in their going about, they shall blow their home the second time in the field between Newton Purcell and Barton Hartshorne, in the said county of Bucks, and also shall blow their borne a third time at a place near the town of Finmere, in the county of Oxford, and they shall blow their home the fourth time at a certain stone in the market of the town of Buckingham, and there to give the poor sixpence ; and so, going forward in this manner about the said drift, shall blow the home at several bridges called Thornborough Bridge, King's Bridge, and Bridge Mill. And they also shall blow their home at the Pound Gate, called the Lord's Pound,
in the parish of Chetwode.....And also (the Lord of
Chetwode) has always been used by his officers and servants to drive away all foreign cattle that shall be found within the said parishes, fields, &c, to impound the same in any pound of the said towns, and to take for every one of the said foreign beasts twopence for the mouth, and one penny for a foot for every one of the said beasts." All cattle thus impounded at other places were to be removed to the pound at Chetwode, and if not claimed and the toll paid within three days, " then the next day following after the rising of the sun, the bailiff or officers of the lord for the time being shall blow their home three times at the gate of the said pound, and make proclamation that, if any persons lack any cattle that shall be in the same pound, let them come and shew the marks of the same cattle so claimed by them, and they shall have them, paying unto the lord his money in the
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