British Popular Customs Present And Past - online book

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404                                  ALL SAINTS* DAY.                         [NOV. I.
Nov.]                                 Derbyshire.
At Duffield, a curious remnant of the right of hunting wild animals is still observed—this is called the " squirrel hunt." The young men of the village assemble together on the Wakes Monday, each provided with a horn, a pan, or something capable of making a noise, and proceed to Keddle-ston Park, where, with shouting and the discordant noise of the instruments, they frighten the poor little squirrels, until they drop from the trees. Several having been thus captured the hunters return to Duffield, and having released the squirrels amongst some trees, recommence the hunt. —Jour, of the Arch. Assoc. 1852, vol. vii. p. 208.
At Duffield, the right of collecting wood in the forest is also singularly observed. The young men in considerable numbers collect together, and having taken possession of any cart they can find, yoke themselves to it, and preceded by horns, remove any trees or other wood from the various lanes and hedge-rows; this is done almost nightly, between Sep­tember and the Wakes, in the first week in November, when a bonfire is made of the wood collected on the Wakes Monday.—Ibid. p. 208.
Nov. i.]                  ALL SAINTS' DAY.
This festival takes its origin from the conversion, in the seventh century, of the Pantheon at Eome into a Christian place of worship, and its dedication by Pope Boniface IV. to the Virgin and all the Martyrs. The anniversary of this event was at first celebrated on the 1st of May, but the day was subsequently altered to the 1st of November, which was thenceforth, under the designation of the feast of All Saints, set apart as a general commemoration in their honour. The festival has been retained by the Anglican Church—Book of Bays, vol. ii. p. 529 ; See Soane's Book of the Months, 1849, vol. ii. p. 235.
A writer in the Gent. Mag. 1783 (vol. liii. p. 578), thinks
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