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The Observance Of Christmas In Various Lands And Ages.

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NOTES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY
24.  Laisnel, i. 7 f.
25.  Ibid. i. 12 f.
26.  Ibid. i. n.
27.  E. Cortet, "Essai sur les Fetes religieuses" (Paris, 1867), 265.
28.  Frazer, " Golden Bough," ii. 286 f.
29.  M. Hbfler, " Weihnachtsgebacke. Eine vergleichende Studie der ger-manischen Gebildbrote zur Weihnachtszeit" in " Zeitschrift fur osterreichische Volkskunde," Jahrg. 11, Supplement-Heft 3 (Vienna, 1905).
30.  Jahn, 280 f.
31.  Burne and Jackson, 406 f.
32.  "The Mirror of Perfection," trans, by Sebastian Evans (London, 1898), 206.
33.  Mannhardt, " Baumkultus," 233 f.
34.  Lloyd, 170 f.
35.  Jahn, 276.
36.  Ibid. 276.
37.  Lloyd, 168.
38.  Evans, 231 f. ; for the ox-custom, see Evans, 233.
39.  Abbott, 76.
40.  Hormann, " Tiroler Volksleben," 244 f., 238, 245.
41.  Dawson, 339.
42.  S. Graham, " A Vagabond in the Caucasus. With some Notes of his Experiences among the Russians" (London, 1910), 25 f.
43.  Stratilesco, 190.
44.  Van Norman, 299 f.
45.  Jahn, 267.
46.  Frazer, " Golden Bough," ii. 442 f., where other examples, British and Conti­nental, of the wren-hunt are given. Cf. Dyer, 494 f.
47.  Folk-Lore, vol. xviii., 1907, 439 f.
48.  MacCulloch, " Religion of the Ancient Celts," 221.
49.  See Frazer, " Golden Bough," ii. 380, 441, for examples of similar practices with sacred animals.
50.  Folk-Lore, vol. xi., 1900, 259.
51.  Brand, 272.
52.  Folk-Lore, vol. xi., 1900, 262.
53.  Lloyd, 181 f.
54.  Ibid. 181.
55.  Thorpe, ii. 49 f.
56.  Ralston, 200.
CHAPTER XIII.—MASKING, THE MUMMERS' PLAY, THE FEAST OF FOOLS, AND THE BOY BISHOP
1.  Chambers, " M. S.," i. 390 f.
2.  The Works Of Ben Jonson, ed. by Barry Cornwall (London, 1838), 600.
3.  Shakespeare, " Henry VIII.," Act I. Sc. IV.
4.  Chambers, " M. S.," i. 403 f.
5.  Ibid. i. 227, 402.
6.  Ibid. i. 402. Cf. Burne and Jackson, 410.
7.  For a bibliography of texts of the mummers' plays see Chambers, " M. S.," i. 205 f.
382
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