Christmas In Ritual & Tradition - online book

The Observance Of Christmas In Various Lands And Ages.

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INDEX
Bees on Christmas Eve, 234
Befana, 244, 278, 343
Belethus, Johannes, 302
Belgium, All Souls' Eve in, 192, 194 ; St.
Hubert's Day in, 202 ; Martinmas in,
204-7 5 St. Catherine's Day in, 213 ;
St. Nicholas in, 219 ; St. Thomas's
Day in, 224
Bentzon, Madame Th., 96-7
Berchta. See Perchta
Berlin, pyramids in, 266 ; biscuits in, 288
Bernard, St., of Clairvaux, 33
Berry, cake customs in, 287, 339
Bethlehem, Christmas at, 94-5, 107
Biggar, bonfires at, 327
Bilfinger, Dr. G., 172
Birds fed at Christmas, 289
Blindman's buff, 293
Boar's head, 284, 348
Bohemia, the "star" in, 152 ; fifteenth-
century Christmas customs in, 1S3 ;
St. Andrew's Eve in, 215-6 ; St.
Thomas's Eve in, 224-5
Boniface, St., 171
Boy Bishop, 212-3, 306-S ; connection
with St. Nicholas, 220-1, 307-8
" Breast-strip" rites, 328
Breviary, the Roman, 90
Briid, 354
Brimo, 21
Brittany, Herod play in, 141 ; Magi
actors in, 151 5 All Souls' Eve in,
1912 ; Christmas Eve superstitions in,
233-5, 23, 5 Christmas log in, 256 ;
New Year in, 323 ; agitillannevf in,
330 5 weather superstition in, 332
Brixen, cradle-rocking at, m
Brixlegg, Christmas play at, 143 f.
Bromfield, Cumberland, barring out the master at, 224
Brough, Westmoreland, Twelfth Night tree at, 270
Brunnen, Epiphany at, 341
Budelfrau, 220
Burchardus of Worms, 181
Burford, Christmas holly at, 275
Burghead, "Clavie" at, 327
Burns, Robert, 197
" Bush, burning the," 346
Buzebergt, 220
Byrom, John, S4
Caballero, Fernan, 66-7, 117, 151
Caesarius of Aries, 170-1, 181
Cakes, " feasten," 177 5 soul, 192-4 ; St.
Hubert's, 202 ; Martin's horns, 204 ;
Christmas, 287-8, 289-90 ; Twelfth
Night, 337-4°) 34° 5 s*- Basil's, 341
Calabrian minstrels, 112
Calamy, 185
Caligula, 168
Callander, Hallowe'en at, 198
Cambridge, St. Clement's Day at, 212
Canada, Christmas Eve superstition in, 234
Candlemas, 350, 352-5
Candles, on St. Lucia's Day, 212-2 j
Yule, 258-60
Cards, Christmas, 279
Carinthia, St. Stephen's Day in, 312
Carnival, 300, 349
Carols, meaning of the word, 47-8 j
English sacred, 47-51, 76-8, S4-5 j
Welsh, 69 ; Irish, 69-70 ; High-
land, 70 Catholicism and Christmas, 27, 186
Celtic New Year, 172, 189, 195, 203-4, 321
Centaurs, 247
Cereal sacraments, 177-8. See also Cakes
Chambers, Mr. E, K., 5, 125, 299-300, 302-7, 348
Charlemagne, coronation of, 96
Charms, New Year, 182, 195-8, 321-34
Cheshire, Old Hob in, 199 5 poultry specially fed at Christmas, 289
Chester plays, 128, 133-4
Chesterton, Mr. G. K.., 85-6
Childermas, 315
Children's festivals, 205-7,218-20,223-4,
359-60
China, New Year in, 324
Chios, Christmas rhamna in, 270
Christkind as gift-bringer, 205, 230, 277-8
Christmas, pagan and Christian elements
in, 18-28, 161-86, 357-60 ; names of,
20-5 ; establishment of, 20-2 5 its con-
392
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