Christmas In Ritual & Tradition - online book

The Observance Of Christmas In Various Lands And Ages.

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INDEX
201 ; Martinmas in, 203 ; St. Clement's Day in, 211-2 ; St. Catherine's Day in, 212-3 5 St. Andrew's Day in, 213-4 ; St. Thomas's Day in, 225-6 ; Christ­mas Eve superstitions in, 234 ; Yule log in, 257-8 ; Yule candle in, 259 ; pyramids and Christmas-trees in, 266-7, 270 ; the Holy Thorn in, 268-9 ; evergreen decorations in, 272-6 ; Christmas boxes in, 279 ; Christmas fare in, 283-6 ; sacrificial survivals and Christmas games in, 292-3 5 mummers and sword-dancers in, 297—301 ; Feast of Fools in, 305 5 Boy Bishop in, 220, 306-8 ; St. Stephen's Day in, 292, 311-4 ; Holy Innocents' Day in, 315 ; New Year's Day in, 321—9, 3325 Epiphany customs in, 337-8, 345-8 ; Candlemas in, 350, 353-5 ; Rock Day in, 351 ; Plough Monday in, 352
Ephraem Syrus, 31, 239
Epiphanius, 21
Epiphany, early history of the festival, 20-2 ; in the Roman Church, 101-2 ; in the Greek Church, 102-4 ! Blessing of the Waters at, 102-4, 244, 246, 344 ; Italian religious ceremonies at, 116-7 , >n drama, 125-8 ; old German name for, 243 ; folk customs on, 293,; Twelfth Night cakes and kings, 3 37— 41 ; expulsion of evils, 341-2 ; the Befana and the Magi, 343-4 ; was­sailing, 345-7; "Haxey Hood," 347-8 ; farewells to Christmas, 349-50
Erzgebirge, Christmas plays in, 144, 232 ; St. John's tree in, 269 ; pfeffeni in, 316
Eschenloh, berchten at, 342
Esthonians, All Souls' Day among, 191
Ethelred, laws of, 21
Etzendorf, St. Martin's rod at, 207-S
Evans, Sir Arthur, 253-4
Eves, importance of for festival customs, 196
Expulsion rites, 104, 181-2, 217, 327-8, 341-2, 344
Fabriano, Gentile da, 148
Fare, Christmas, 283-91
Feasting, connected with sacrifice, 178-9,
284 ; at Martinmas, 202-4 5 at Christ­mas, 283-91 ; at New Year, 321-3 ; at Epiphany, 337-41
Feien, 231
Feilberg, Dr. H. F., 6, 236, 313-4
Festivals, origin and purpose of, 17-8 5 relation of pagan and Christian, 19 27, 169-74
Fire, not given out at Christmas or New
Year, 170-1, 257-8 ; bonfires, 182, 198-9, 204-5, 327, 346-50 ; new fire lit, 198 ; Christmas log and ancestor-worship, 251-4; the Yule log and candle in western Europe, 254-60 ; Candlemas fires and lights, 352-4
" First-foots," 208, 252, 323-6
Fish eaten on Christmas Eve, 287
Flagellants, 146
Flamma, Galvano, 147-8
Fletcher, Giles, 82-3
Florence, Nativity plays at, 147 ; Befana
at> 343
Fools, Feast of, 180, 302—6
Football, 349
Fowler, Dr. W. Warde, 167
France, Christmas poetry in, 55-65 ; Midnight Mass in, 96-8 ; Christmas drama in, 124-7, J 3 8—43 ; All Souls' Eve in, 191—2 ; Christmas Eve super­stitions in, 234-5 ; Christmas log in, 254-6 ; Christmas - tree in, 267 ; Harvest May in, 271 ; presents brought by le petit jfesus, 278 ; Christmas cakes in, 287-8 ; Feast of Fools in, '302-6 ; Boy Bishop in, 308 ; Innocents' Day in, 316 ; New Year in, 322-3 ; aguil-lanneuf in, 329-30 ; Epiphany in, 339-42, 344, 349-50 ; Candlemas candles in, 353
Francis, St. (of Assisi), and Christmas, 36-8, 105-6, 157, 289
Frazer, Dr. J. G., 6, 167, 180, 182, 199, 276, 288, 324
Frick, Frau, 241
FHgg, 241
Friuli, All Souls' Day in, 194
Frumenty, 285
Games, Christmas, 293—4
394
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