Christmas In Ritual & Tradition - online book

The Observance Of Christmas In Various Lands And Ages.

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INDEX
Fynnodcieree in, 246 ; " hunting of the wren" in, 292-3
Mana, 176-7
Mannhardt, W., 252-3, 313-4
Marguerite of Navarre, 141
Marseilles, "pastorals " at, 141
Martin of Braga, 272
Martin I., Pope, 203
Martinengo-Cesaresco, Countess, 106, 112, 142
Martinmas, an old winter festival, 173, 182, 200, 202-3 ; its feasting customs, 202-4; its bonfires, 204-5 ; St. Martin as gift-bringer, and his relation to St. Nicholas, 205-8, 218-9, 277-8
Masking customs, 169-71, 175-6, 199-202, 206, 219, 230-2, 245, 297-302, 304-3, 352
Mass, Midnight, 94-9 ; the three Christ­mas Masses, 94-6
Mechlin, Martinmas at, 206
Mellitus, Abbot, 179
Mexico, Christmas drama in, 154
Michaelmas, 173
Milan, Epiphany play at, 147-8
Milton, 82
Mince-pies, 284
Minnesingers, 36
" Misterio de los Reyes Magos," 128
Mistletoe, 272-4, 276
Mistral, Frederic, 255
Mithra, 23
Modrankht, iSI
Monasticism and Christmas, 34-5
Mont-St.-Michel, Epiphany king at,
34° Montenegro, Christmas log customs in,
252 Morgan, Lady, 114-5 Morris, William, 85 Morris-dancers, 299-301 Mouthe, " De fructu " at, 288 Mummers' plays, 297-302 Munich, Bavarian National Museum at,
107-8 ; Christmas-tree at, 267 ; St.
Stephen's Day at, 312 Murillo, 65 Mythology, in relation to ritual, 164-5,
176
Naogf.orcus, 111,217, J53
Naples, zampogmir't at, 112; prtscpio at, 113-4; Christmas plays at, 150; Epiphany at, ;4;
Natalis In-vicli, 23-4, 165
New Year's Day, in Roman Empire, 24, 167-71, 276-7 ; opposed in character to Christma«, 25-6 ; Teutonic and Celtic, 25, 171-3, 189, 202-4 ; Slav, 173 ; January 1 made a fast, 101, 170-1 ; customs attracted to January 1, 173, 189, 200, 321 ; fire not given out, 170-1, 257-8 ; charms, omens, and other customs, 182, 321-34; presents, 16S-71, 276-7; mistletoe connected with, 276
Nicea, Council of, 22
Nicholas, St., his Day related to Martin­mas, 173, 207-8, 277-8 ; as patron of boys, 218, 220, of sailors, 218, 221 ; his festival, 218-21 ; on Christmas Eve, 229-32
Noel, origin of the name, 22 ; the French carol, 55-65
Normandy, "star-singing" in, 151; Innocents' Day in, 316; Epiphany in,
349-50 Northamptonshire, St. Catherine's and St.
Andrew's Days in, 213-4 ; Dyzemas
in, 315
Northumberland, holly in, 275
Norway, Christmas established in, 21 : "star-singing" in, 151 ; pre-Christian Yule festival in, 172 ; animal masks in, 202 ; Christmas Eve superstitions in, 235-6 ; Yule candles in, 259-60
Notker, 32
Nottinghamshire, Hallowe'en customs in, 196 ; Christmas cake and wassail-bowl in, 285
Nuremberg, Epiphany at, 342
Nuts, customs with, 195-6, 207
"O's," Great, 92
Oak as a sacred tree, 254
Oberufer, Christmas play at, 143, 272
Ocana, F. de, 65-6
Oesel, "Yule Boar" in, 288
Old Hob, 199-200
397
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