Christmas In Ritual & Tradition - online book

The Observance Of Christmas In Various Lands And Ages.

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INDEX
I
Otfrid of Weissenburg, 42 Oxford, boars head at, 284
Palmer, Mr. F. H. E., 104
Parcae, 181
Paris, Christmas in, 98 5 All Souls' Eve in, 191 ; St. Catherine's Day in, 213 ; Christmas-tree in, 267 ; New Year in, 277 5 Feast of Fools in, 302-3
Paschal, Francoise, 61-2
Pasquier, Etienne, 339
Pearson, Dr. Karl, 161-2
Pellegrin, Abbe, 63
Pelzm'arte, 206-8, 217
Perchta, 181, 241-4, 342
Perun, 254
Peterborough, St. Catherine's Day at, 213
Philocalian Calendar, 20
Pijferari, 112
Pillersee, Advent mummeries at, 218
Pliny, 273
Plough Monday, 300
Plum-pudding, 284-5
Ply gain, 99
Poland, the " star " in, 152 ; puppet-shows in, 153 ; werewolves in, 246; Christ­mas straw in, 276 ; Christmas wafers in, 291
Polaznik, 231, 252, 323-4
Presents, at the Roman Kalends, 168-71, 276-7 ; on All Souls' Eve, 192 ; at Martinmas, 205-8 ; on St. Nicholas's Day, 218-20 ; at Christmas, 183, 230, 277-9 5 at New Year and other seasons, 277-8 ; at Epiphany, 343
Presepio. See Crib
"Prophetae," 127 '
Protestantism, effects of, on Christmas, 27,
70-8, in, 138, 141, 185-6, 229-30 Provence, remains of Christmas drama in, 141, 154 ; Christmas log in, 255 ; Magi
in> 344 Prudentius, 32 Puppet-plays, 153 f.
Purification, feast of the. See Candlemas Puritans, their attitude towards Christmas,
77, 180, 184-5, 298 Pyramids, 266
" Raging host," 240, 242
Ragusa, Christmas log customs at, 252
Ramsgate, hodening at, 200-1
Rauchnachte, 225, 327-8
Rhys, Sir John, 189, 321, 325-6
Ripon, St. Clement's Day at, 212 ; Yule candles at, 259 ; Candlemas at, 354
Risano, Christmas log customs at, 252
Rolle, Richard, 48
Rome, Christmas established in, 20-1 ; pagan winter festivals in, 23-4, 165-71 ; Christmas services and customs in, 95-6, 112-6, 289-90; mediaeval New Year quite in, 331
Rossetti, Christina, 85
Rouen, religious plays at, 124-5, 138-40
Roumania, the "star" in, 152; Christmas drama in, 153 ; St. Andrew's Eve in, 215-6 ; Christmas songs in, 238 ; Christ­mas fare in, 287, 291 ; New Year in, 330-1 ; Epiphany in, 342
Russia, Epiphany ceremonies in, 104, 246 ; the "star" in, 152 ; Christmas Eve in, 232-3, 237 ; fire superstitions in, 253 ; Christmas fare in, 287, 291 ; Christmas games in, 294 ; mummers in, 302 ; New Year in, 333
Saeoly, 62
Sacrifice, theories of, 174-8 ; connected with festivals, 178-9 ; survivals of, 199, 283-7, 292-4, 328, 347-9
Salers. Christmas king at, 340
Samhain, 172, 204
Sant' Andrea della Valle, Rome, 102
Santa Klaus, 220
Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, 95-6, 107, 114-5
Saturnalia, 24, 113, 165-7, I So, 359
Schiller, 266
Schimmel and Schimmelreiter, 199-200, 206, 231
Schoolboys' festival, 223-4. See also Boy Bishop
Scotland, Christmas carols in, 70 ; Hal­lowe'en customs in, 197-8 ; sowens eaten in, 285 ; "firstfoot" in, 325-6 ; other New Year customs in, 326-9, 332-3 ; Candlemas in, 354
Quainton, blossoming thorn at, 268
398
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