Christmas In Ritual & Tradition - online book

The Observance Of Christmas In Various Lands And Ages.

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INDEX
Tille, Dr. A., 5, 110, 169, 172-3, 231-2, 268
Tipteerers, 298
Tolstoy's "War and Peace," 302
Tomte Gubbe, 236
Tonquin, feast of the dead in, 195
Totemism, 175-8
Tours, Council of, 21, 101, 239
Towneley plays, 128, 134-7
Trees, sacred, 177-8, 254, 269-71 ; flowering at Christmas, 268-9 j Chris­tian symbols, 271—2
Trest, Epiphany at, 344
Trolls on Christmas Eve, 235-6
Troppau, Christmas Eve at, 232
Troubadours, 36
Tubingen, cradle-rocking at, 111
Tuscany, Christmas log in, 256
Tutilo of St. Gall, 123
Twelfth Night. See Epiphany
Twelve Days, declared a festal tide, 21, 239 ; variously reckoned, 239 ; super­natural visitors on, 239-47
Tylor, Dr. E. B., 191
Tynan, Katharine, 85
Tyrol, Midnight Mass in, 97 ; the crib in, 107—8 ; cradle-rocking in, in ; Christ­mas drama in, 143 ; "star-singing" in, 152 ; All Souls in, 191-2, 194 ; Klop-felnachte in, 218 ; St. Nicholas in, 220 ; St. Lncia in, 223 ; Christmas Eve in, 236, 346 ; Berchta in, 243-4 ; customs with fruit-trees in, 268 ; Christmas pie in, 290, 345-6 ; St. Stephen's Day in, 311-2; St. John's Day in, 314; Epiphany in, 337 ; Carnival in, 349 ; Purification candles in, 353
Ubeda, J. L. de, 65
Uist, South, "breast-strip" in, 328
United States, Santa Klaus in, 220 ; New
Year in, 323 Usedom, 201 Usener, H., 20, 107
Valdivielso, J. de, 65 Vampires, 215-6, 245-6 Vaughan, Henry, 81 Vega, Lope de, 149-50 Vegetation-cults, 177-8
Venetia, Martinmas in, 204, 207
Vessel-cup, 118
Villazopeque, 148-9
Vosges mountains, All Souls' Eve in, 191
Wales, Christmas carols in, 69 ; Plygain in, 99 5 soul-cakes in, 193-4 ; Hal­lowe'en in, 189,' 196-8 ; the " Mari Llwyd " in, 201 ; "new water" carol in, 333-4 ; Christmas football in, 349
Warnsdorf, St. Nicholas play at, 220
Wassail-bowl, 193, 285-6
Water, Ne,w Year, 332-4
Watts, Isaac, 83-4
Weather, ideas about, 203, 332
Weihnacht, origin of the name, 20
Werewolves, 246
Wesley, Charles, 84
Westermarck, Dr. E., 176
Westphalia, St. Thomas's Day in, 225
Whipping customs, 207-8, 315—7, 330
"Wild hunt," 239-40
Wine, Martinmas, 204 ; St. John's and St. Stephen's, 314-5
'' Wish hounds," 240
Wither, George, 83
Woden, 200, 206, 208, 231, 240
Women, their clothes worn by men at folk-festivals, 178, 301, 304 ; unlucky at New Year, 324-5
Woolwich, St. Clement's and St. Cath­erine's Days at, 212
Worcestershire. St. Clement's Day in 212 ; New Year in, 324
Wormesley, Holy Thorn at, 269
Wren, hunting of, 292-3
Wylie, Miss I. A. R., 263
" Yeth hounds," 240
York Minster, mistletoe at, 273 ; Boy Bishop at, 307
York plays, 128, 131—3
Yorkshire, possible survival of the crib in, 118 ; frumenty, ale posset, and Yule cakes in, 285 ; " lucky bird" in, 325
Ypres, St. Martin at, 206
Yule, origin of the name, 25, 171-2
"Yule Boar," 288
Yule log, 180, 245, 251-8, 344, 354
Zacharias, Pope, 171
UNWIN BROTHERS, LIMITED, THE GRESHAM PRESS, WOKING AND LONDON
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