MAN THE SUBJECT OF EDUCATION. 37
mitted to taste of the tree of knowledge of good and evil. He is the only being that has a moral nature; the only being that is capable of per≠ceiving beauty in virtue and deformity in vice; the only being that has a capacity to distinguish between truth and falsehood, between equity and injustice, between right and wrong; the only being in whose breast Heaven has estab≠lished the holy tribunal of conscience. Man then alone, of all the creation, has moral facul≠ties.
It would be easy to illustrate this position, and show the difference between man and ani≠mals in respect to moral perceptions. Let us take the golden rule, laid down by our Savior, which is the basis of justice between man and manóudo to another as you would have an≠other do to you." This is no sooner presented to the human mind than its force is perceived and the obligation to obey it felt. But ani≠mals are utterly destitute of a capacity for such perceptions. Might, with them, is the universal rule of right. The dog snatches the bone from the cat by the prescriptive privilege of mastery. The raven yields the carcass to the vulture: the vulture retires and waits till the feast of the sea eagle is done. The hungry jackal surren≠ders his prey to the wolf; the wolf gives up his 4