INTELLECTUAL CULTURE. 313
this institution, been saved to himself, to his country, and to God. It is a manual labor school; and to a judicious intermingling of study and labor, religious instruction, kind treatment and necessary severity, it has owed its success. When I was there, most of the boys were employed in cutting screws for the rail-road which the government was then constructing between Berlin and Leipsic : and there-were but few who could not maintain themselves by their labor. As I was passing, with Dr. Kopf, from room to room, I heard some beautiful voices singing in an adjoining apartment, and on entering I found about twenty of the boys, sitting at a long table, making clothes for the establishment, and singing at their work. The doctor enjoyed my surprise, and, on going out, remarked, ' I always keep these little rogues singing at their work, for while the children sing the devil cannot come among them at all; he can only sit out doors there and growl; but if they stop singing, in the devil comes.' The Bible and the singing of religious hymns are among the most efficient instruments which he employs for softening the hardened heart, and bringing the vicious and stubborn will to docility.
" A similar establishment in the neighborhood 27