Hoyle's Games, Improved And Enlarged - online book

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326
CHESS.
The apparatus of the game may be seen in the arsenal at Berlin. It illustrates with the greatest fidelity the operations ot the three arms in the field, and is furnished with plans of ground exhi­biting every local feature by which tactical move­ments are effected, and also with marks according to the scale of the plan, shewing the actual space which the bodies of troops they represent would oc­cupy, whether in line or en masse. The "materiel" of the game consists in small rectangular figures, various in size, according to the strength of the force they represent, from sections of men to even single files, and single pieces of ordnance to masses of six battalions with their batteries. There are also scales shewing the ranges of musketry and artillery either with grape or round shot. Plans of the battles of Ligny, Dresden, the Kalsback, Quatre Bras, and other cele­brated fields, have been expressly lithographed for this game, exhibiting every gradation of slope, and at different intervals. The game is played by two persons and presided by an umpire, and is now very generally cultivated in the armies of Russia and Prussia.
Chess, from time immemorial, was known in Hindostan by the name of Chaturanga, or the four members of an army (elephants, horsemen, chariots, and foot-soldiers); afterwards in Per­sia, styled Chatrang (the game of king) ; and Shatranj (the king's distress) by the Arabians ; undergoing various other changes in different languages, ultimately formed the English appel­lation of Chess. It is played on a board with thirty-two pieces of different forms, denomina­tions, and powers, divided into two colours or parties.
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