Hoyle's Games, Improved And Enlarged - online book

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any other, except the queen, yet it seldom comes into play, so as to operate, until the end of the game; and it is generally better to have a worse piece in play than a superior out.
28. When you have moved a piece, which your adversary drives away with a pawn, that is a bad move, your enemy gaining a double advantage. At this nice game no move can be indifferent. Though the first move may not be much, between equally good players, yet the loss of one or two more, after the first, makes the game almost irre­trievable ; but if you can recover the move, or the attack (for they both go together), you are in a fair way of winning.
29- If ever your game be such, that you have scarce any thing to play, you have either brought out your pieces wrong, or, which is worse, not at all; for if you have brought them out right, you must have variety enough.
30.  Do not be much afraid of doubling a pawn : two in a direct line are not disadvantageous when surrounded by three or four others ; three together are strong (as three white pawns on 28, 35, and 37) ; but four (as 44 in, addition) that make a square, with the help of other pieces, well managed, form an invincible strength, and probably may produce you a queen : on the contrary, two pawns, with an interval between (as on 35 and37) are no better than one ; and if you should have three over each other in a line (as 26, 34, and 42), your game can­not be in a worse situation.
31.  "When a piece is so attacked that it is diffi­cult to save it, give it up, and endeavour to annoy your enemy in another place ; for it often hap­pens, that whilst your adversary is pursuing a piece, you either get a pawn or two, or such a situation as ends in his destruction.
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