Ideal Home Life - online book

A valuable and well-organized system for home education(homeschooling) 3 to 12 years.

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pressure alternating currents in the secondary of the coil; or if it is an alternating current to begin with, then the trans­former sets up high pressure alternating currents in the second­ary coil.
In either case these high pressure alternating currents charge the condenser and this in turn discharges through the spark-gap and makes a continuous stream of bright, crackling sparks. Now the discharge of a condenser through the spark-gap sets up high tension currents of very high frequency, or electric oscillations as they are called, and these currents surge through the tuning coil, the aerial, and ground wires at the rate of a million times a second, more or less.
These electric oscillations running forth and back along the aerial wire are changed into electric waves, just as an ordinary electric current flowing in a wire is changed into magnetic lines of force, and these electric waves push out into space in every direction exactly as the vibrations of a bell send forth sound waves, but with this difference, where a sound wave will travel only a few miles at most, an electric wave will travel hundreds of miles, and, again, where a sound wave travels 1,086 feet a second, an electric wave travels 186,500 miles a second, which is the speed of light.
Since electric waves from a sending aerial are radiated into space in every direction, they will, of course, strike any aerial wire wherever it may be located if it is not too far away.
And when the electric waves strike an aerial connected with a receiver they set up in the aerial wire electric oscillations having exactly the same number of vibrations per second as the electric oscillations which sent out the waves. For this reason the receiving circuits must be tuned to the sending circuits.
The high frequency oscillations set up in the aerial wires by the incoming electric waves will flow down the aerial to the tuning coil, thence through the condenser and the detector, on to the ground and back again, and it is the purpose of the detector to act as a sort of valve to change the rapid oscilla­tions into an interrupted direct current.
This latter kind of a current energizes the telephone re-
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