FIRST AID TO THE INJURED*
Edited by F. B. KILMER The First Things to Do in Accidents
Keep cool. Send for physician at once.
Move the patient to a quiet, airy place.
Keep by-standers at a distance.
Handle the patient gently and quietly. Place him in a' comfortable position. Unless the head is injured, have it on the same level as the body. Loosen the collar, waist-band and belt.
If the patient vomits, turn him on one side with the head low.
If bleeding, stop at once. (See Bleeding.)
Cover and dress all wounds immediately. (See Wounds.)
Bleeding From Slight Wounds.óCover with surgically clean gauze. Bandage firmly.
Bleeding From Veins.óBlood is dark red, flows freely from the wound but does not spurt.
Lay patient down. Loosen tight clothing, garters or straps. Elevate wounded part. If severe, press on wound with hard pad of clean gauze. Apply cold by means of ice. If this does not stop bleeding, apply tight bandage near wound, on side farthest from heart.
In stopping bleeding by pressure, remember that flow of blood in veins is toward the heart; in arteries from the heart.
Bleeding From Arteries.óBlood bright red color, comes in spurts.
There is great danger. Act quickly. Send for surgeon.
Lay patient down, cut away clothing and expose wounds.
Elevate wounded limb. Press with thumb or finger covered with surgical gauze or clean towel on or into the wound. Replace this by crowding gauze into wound and hold it with tight bandage.
If artery passes over bone, press there with fingers.
If bleeding does not stop, compress arteries with tight bandage near wound, between heart and wound.
* From "First Aid to the Injured," edited by F. B. Kilmer. Pub≠lished by Johnson and Johnson, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Used by permission of the editor.