Scientific Methods As Applied To Child Education In "the Children's Houses"

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INAUGURAL ADDRESS                     65
The " Children's House " marks still another triumph; it is the first step toward the socialisation of the house. The inmates find under their own roof the convenience of being able to leave their little ones in a place, not only safe, but where they have every advantage.
And let it be remembered that all the mothers in the tenement may enjoy this privilege, going away to their work with easy minds. Until the present time only one class in society might have this advantage. Rich women were able to go about their various occupations and amuse­ments, leaving their children in the hands of a nurse or a governess. To-day the women of the people who live in these remodeled houses, may say, like the great lady, " I have left my son with the governess and the nurse." More than this, they may add, like the princess of the blood, " And the house physician watches over them and directs their sane and sturdy growth." These women, like the most advanced class of English and American mothers, pos­sess a " Biographical Chart," which, filled for the mother by the directress and the doctor, gives her the most prac­tical knowledge of her child's growth and condition.
We are all familiar with the ordinary advantages of the communistic transformation of the general environment. For example, the collective use of railway carriages, of street lights, of the telephone, all these are great ad­vantages. The enormous production of useful articles, brought about by industrial progress, makes possible to all, clean clothes, carpets, curtains, table-delicacies, better table­ware, etc. The making of such benefits generally tends to level social caste. All this we have seen in its reality. But the communising of persons is new. That the collec­tivity shall benefit from the services of the servant, the nurse, the teacher — this is a modern ideal.
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