Scientific Methods As Applied To Child Education In "the Children's Houses"

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NATURE IN EDUCATION                 101
of ground and the large courtyard necessary for physical education are lacking, it will always be possible to find a few square yards of land that may be cultivated, or a little place where pigeons can make their nest, things suffi­cient for spiritual education. Even a pot of flowers at the window can, if necessary, fulfil the purpose.
In the first " Children's House " in Rome we have a vast courtyard, cultivated as a garden, where the children are free to run in the open air — and, besides, a long stretch of ground, which is planted on one side with trees, has a branching path in the middle, and on the opposite side, has broken ground for the cultivation of plants. This last, we have divided into so many portions, reserving ► one for each child.
While the smaller children run freely up and down the paths, or rest in the shade of the trees, the possessors of the earth (children from four years of age up), are sow­ing, or hoeing, watering or examining, the surface of the soil watching for the sprouting of plants. It is interest­ing to note the following fact: the little reservations of the children are placed along the wall of the tenement, in a spot formerly neglected because it leads to a blind road; the inhabitants of the house, therefore, had the habit of throwing from those windows every kind of offal, and at the beginning our garden was thus contaminated.
But, little by little, without any exhortation on our part, solely through the respect born in the people's mind for the children's labour, nothing more fell from the win­dows, except the loving glances and smiles of the mothers upon the soil which was the beloved possession of their little children.
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