THE MONTESSORI METHOD - online book

Scientific Methods As Applied To Child Education In "the Children's Houses"

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EDUCATION OE THE SENSES 191
the flower. For greater or less intensity we present fewer flowers, or even one single blossom.
But this part of education, like that of the sense of taste, can be obtained by the child during the luncheon hour;— when he can learn to recognise various odours.
As to taste, the method of touching the tongue with va­rious solutions, bitter or acid, sweet, salty, is perfectly applicable. Children of four years readily lend them­selves to such games, which serve as a reason for showing them how to rinse their mouths perfectly. The chil­dren enjoy recognising various flavours, and learn, after each test, to fill a glass with tepid water, and carefully rinse their mouths. In this way the exercise for the sense of taste is also an exercise in hygiene.
EDUCATION OF THE SENSE OF VISION
I. Differential Visual Perception of Dimensions
First. Solid Insets: This material consists of three solid blocks of wood each 55 centimetres long, 6 centi­metres high and 8 centimetres wide. Each block contains ten wooden pieces, set into corresponding holes. These pieces are cylindrical in shape and are to be handled by means of a little wooden or brass button which is fixed in the centre of the top. The cases of cylinders are in appearance much like the cases of weights used by chemists. In the first set of the series, the cylinders are all of equal height (55 millimetres) but differ in diameter. The smallest cylinder has a diameter of 1 centimetre, and the others increase in diameter at the rate of % centimetre. In the second set, the cylinders are all of equal diameter, corresponding to half the diameter of the largest cylinder in the preceding series—(27 millimetres). The cylin-
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