THE MONTESSORI METHOD - online book

Scientific Methods As Applied To Child Education In "the Children's Houses"

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EDUCATION OF THE SENSES 203
lar to the one at which he has looked. The children suc­ceed in this game remarkably, committing only slight errors. Children of five years enjoy this immensely, taking great pleasure in comparing the two spools and judging as to whether they have chosen correctly.
At the beginning of my work, I made use of an instru­ment invented by Pizzoli. This consisted of a small brown disk having a half-moon shape opening at the top. Various colours were made to pass behind this opening, by means of a rotary disk which was composed of strips of various colours. The teacher called the attention of the child to a certain colour, then turned the disk, asking him to indicate the same disk when it again showed itself in the opening. This exercise rendered the child inactive, preventing him from controlling the material. It is not, therefore, an instrument which can promote the education of the senses.
EXERCISE FOE THE DISCRIMINATION OF SOUNDS
It would be desirable to have in this connection the didactic material used for the " auricular education " in the principal institutions for deaf mutes in Germany and America. These exercises are an introduction to the ac­quisition of language, and serve in a very special way to centre the children's discriminative attention upon the " modulations of the sound of the human voice."
With very young children linguistic education must occu­py a most important place. Another aim of such exercises is to educate the ear of the child to noises so that he shall accustom himself to distinguish every slight noise and compare it with sounds, coming to resent harsh or dis­ordered noises. Such sense education has a value in that it exercises aesthetic taste, and may be applied in a most
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