Scientific Methods As Applied To Child Education In "the Children's Houses"

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Language IN Childhood
Graphic language, comprising dictation and reading, contains articulate language in its complete mechanism (auditory channels, central channels, motor channels), and, in the manner of development called forth by my method, is based essentially on articulate language.
Graphic language, therefore, may be considered from two points of view:
(a)  That of the conquest of a new language of emi­nent social importance which adds itself to the articulate language of natural man; and this is the cultural signifi­cance which is commonly given to graphic language, which is therefore taught in the schools without any considera­tion of its relation to spoken language, but solely with the intention of offering to the social being a necessary instrument in his relations with his fellows.
(b)  That of the relation between graphic and articu­late language and, in this relation, of an eventual possi­bility of utilising the written language to perfect the spoken: a new consideration upon which I wish to insist and which gives to graphic language a physiological im­portance.
Moreover, as spoken language is at the same time a natural function of man and an instrument which he utilises for social ends, so written language may be con­sidered in itself, in its formation, as an organic ensemble
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