316 THE MONTESSORI METHOD
age of seven years learn several languages at the same time can receive and reproduce all the characteristic man-, nerisms of accent and pronunciation.
Thus also the defects acquired in childhood such as dialectic defects or those established by bad habits, become indelible in the adult.
What develops later, the superior language, the dictorium, no longer has its origin in the mechanism of language but in the intellectual development which makes use of the mechanical language. As the articulate language develops by the exercise of its mechanism and is enriched by perception, the dictorium develops with syntax and is enriched by intellectual culture. Going back to the scheme of language we see that above the arc which
defines the lower language, is established the dictorium, D,— from which now come the motor impulses of speech — which is established as spoken language fit to manifest the ideation of the in-£ £ telligent man; this language will
be enriched little by little by intellectual culture and perfected by the grammatical study of syntax.
Hitherto, as a result of a preconception, it has been believed that written language should enter only into the development of the dictorium, as the suitable means for the acquisition of culture and of permitting grammatical analysis and construction of the language. Since " spoken words have wings " it has been admitted that intellectual culture could only proceed by the aid of a language which was stable, objective, and capable of being analysed, such as the graphic language.