THE MONTESSORI METHOD - online book

Scientific Methods As Applied To Child Education In "the Children's Houses"

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SEQUENCE OF EXERCISES              339
Among these exercises with the solid insets, there ex­ists the following progression from easy to difficult:
(a)    The cylinders in which the pieces are of the same height and of decreasing diameter.
(b)    The cylinders decreasing in all dimensions.
(c)    Those decreasing only in height.
Second Grade
Exercises of Practical Life. To rise and be seated in silence. To walk on the line.
Sense Exercises. Material dealing with dimensions. The Long Stair. The prisms, or Big Stair. The cubes. Here the child makes exercises in the recognition of di­mensions as he did in the cylinders but under a very dif­ferent aspect. The objects are much larger. The differ­ences much more evident than they were in the preceding exercises, but here, only the eye of the child recognises the differences and controls the errors. In the preceding ex­ercises, the errors were mechanically revealed to the child by the didactic material itself. The impossibility of placing the objects in order in the block in any other than their respective spaces gives this control. Finally, while in the preceding exercises the child makes much more simple movements (being seated he places little objects in order with his hands), in these new exercises he accom­plishes movements which are decidedly more complex and difficult and makes small muscular efforts. He does this by moving from the table to the carpet, rises, kneels, car­ries heavy objects.
We notice that the child continues to be confused be­tween the two last pieces in the growing scale, being for a long time unconscious of such an error after he has learned to put the other pieces in correct order. Indeed
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