An Illustrated history & description Of Schools in the 18th & 19th Centurys.

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106 Old-time Schools and School-books
Against the walls on the remaining three sides of the room was built a continuous sloping shelf, about three feet from the floor. Long, backless benches
One of the Benches for the Older Pupils.
accompanied it, on which the older scholars sat, facing the wall. While they were studying, they leaned against the edge of the shelf, and when they wrote or ciphered they rested their exercise books and slates on it. Under it, on a horizontal shelf that was somewhat narrower than the upper one, the pupils kept their books and other school belongings when not in use. A line of lower benches for the
One of the Benches for the Smaller Pupils.
smaller children was set within the three-sided square formed by those of the big scholars. The number of children the schoolhouse would hold depended on how closely they could be packed on the benches. In the middle of the room was a limited open space. Here the classes stood while reciting, at which time
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