An Illustrated history & description Of Schools in the 18th & 19th Centurys.

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122 Old-time Schools and School-books
ployed to tame and discipline his pupils were ex­tremely primitive. He depended chiefly on a ruler,
A Salem Reward of Merit.
or on what was called " the heavy gad," by which expression, was designated five feet of elastic sapling. These two implements were applied with force and frequency. An appropriate share of the chastise­ment was visited on the girls, and the older ones were not allowed to escape justice any more than the younger ones; for it was thought that a youth of either sex who was not too old to do wrong was not too old to be punished.
We get a suggestive impression of what the discipline could be from the fact that a Sunderland, Massachusetts, schoolhouse erected in 1793 con-
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