What Shall We Do Now? 281
manure, if you may have it, should replace the straw in February. Then you can let your rose alone until March—unless the weather becomes very dry, when you should water it (with lukewarm water) in the morning. In March fork in the manure—very gently so as not to disturb the roots. Then it is most important to get some one to prune the tree for you, because that is an operation which requires more knowledge and experience than you are likely to have.
In May and June watch all the leaves for maggots, which, if not checked, quickly eat the leaves and sometimes the flowers. Go over the tree once a day, fingering it as little as possible. Directly you see a leaf curled you may know that a maggot is there.
If you water the tree, water it regularly. And in very hot weather when the ground is hard and baked, always remember to break it up a little with a fork so that the water does not run off. If poured slowly, the water will sink in. If you can get slop water to water with, it will be of great benefit to your roses.
Syringe or spray your rose-tree every afternoon, unless it has been raining.
Probably in June a little green-fly will come and cover the buds. They must be syringed away again at once. The fluid is made by mixing I oz. of soft soap with I gallon of water, and if possible, adding to this a little water in which a good ounce of quassia chips has been boiled for half an hour. The flies can also be destroyed by dusting them, when the plant is wet, with snuff or powdered tobacco.
If you are going to buy a rose, there is none better than the Gloire de Dijon, for it is the first and the last to bloom, and is very strong and beautiful and sweet-smelling. The following roses are hardy and vigorous and will grow under almost any conditions and blossom for a long period :—General Jacqueminot, deep velvety red ; Ulricli Brunner, large, rich crimson ; Baroness Rothschild, silvery pink, but scentless ; William Allan Richardson,
The choice 0/ a rose.